15 Extinct Dog Breeds - Vanishing Canines Mystery Unfolding


Every year, numerous animal and plant species face extinction, a natural part of the evolutionary process. Among these, extinct dog breeds hold a unique place, representing individual breeds rather than entire species. This article delves into the history of fifteen extinct dog breeds, shedding light on the reasons behind their disappearance and the fascinating legacy they leave behind.

1. English White Terrier

In the vibrant tapestry of 18th-century UK, the English White Terrier emerged as a canvas for significant transformations. Picture a dog that became a trendsetter, influencing breeds like the Fox Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier. Yet, despite its moment in the limelight, the breed faced a heartbreaking demise. As public interest dwindled and breeding projects faltered, the once-thriving English White Terrier vanished from existence, leaving behind a legacy etched in the diverse palette of canine history.

2. Talbot

Transport yourself to medieval England, where the Talbot, a majestic hunting hound, roamed the landscapes, imprinting its paw prints on history. The Talbot, despite bowing out of existence in the late 18th century, left behind a subtle but enduring legacy. Its spirit, akin to the echo of ancient tales, is believed to linger in the genes of the modern Beagle and Bloodhound breeds, connecting the dots between centuries and breeds in a canine saga that continues to unfold.

3. Salish Wool Dog

Imagine the picturesque landscapes of Washington State and British Columbia, where the Salish Wool Dog once thrived. Cloaked in white, wooly fur, these dogs contributed to the rich tapestry of local traditions. However, as textile materials became more accessible, the need for Salish blankets crafted from their thick coats diminished. This shift, combined with changing times, led to the gradual extinction of the Salish Wool Dog, leaving behind echoes of a bygone era.

4. Moscow Water Dog

Post-World War II, the Russian army birthed the Moscow Water Dog, a canine hero trained for water rescues. However, the tale takes a somber turn as the breed's violent temperament and an unexpected competitor, the docile Newfoundland, sealed its fate. By the 1980s, the Moscow Water Dog quietly slipped into extinction, a chapter in history overshadowed by the rise of its more amiable counterpart.

5. Tweed Water Spaniel

Journey to England around the River Tweed, where the Tweed Water Spaniel once frolicked in its aquatic domain. As a water-loving breed, these dogs thrived locally, but their fame didn't extend beyond the riverbanks. Limited recognition and perhaps changing preferences led to their gradual disappearance from the canine landscape in the 19th century.

6. Kuri Dog

Cast your gaze towards the mesmerizing landscapes of New Zealand during the 13th century AD, where the Kuri dog, a revered companion, roamed. Sadly, with the arrival of European settlers in the 1860s, interbreeding and changing circumstances marked the end of this ancient lineage. The once-proud Kuri dog gracefully bowed out, leaving behind a legacy intertwined with the cultural tapestry of New Zealand.

7. Molossus Dog

Venture back to the grandeur of ancient Greece, where the Molossus dog held sway as a versatile companion—a warrior, a hunter, a guardian. With mentions in the works of poets and scholars, the Molossus dog etched its name in history. Although the breed itself no longer graces our world, its essence persists in the Molosser breeds that embody the strength and nobility of their ancient forebears.

8. Hawaiian Poi Dog

Embark on a journey to Hawaii, where the Hawaiian Poi Dog once stood as a symbol of companionship and sustenance. While their gentle nature endeared them to families, the introduction of other breeds and the shift in their role as a food source led to their eventual extinction in the early 19th century. Their memory, however, lingers as a testament to the complex relationship between humans and dogs.

9. North Country Beagle

Cast your imagination to the scenic regions of Yorkshire and Northumberland in England, where the North Country Beagle once dazzled with its speed and distinctive voice. Yet, as the 19th century unfolded, the competition with the English Foxhound proved too formidable, nudging this once-celebrated breed into the annals of extinction.

10. St. John’s Water Dog

Transport yourself to the shores of Newfoundland in the 16th century, where the St. John’s Water Dog embarked on its journey as an early retriever. This noble breed played a pivotal role in the creation of beloved retrievers like the Golden and Labrador Retrievers, leaving behind a legacy that reverberates in the hearts of retriever enthusiasts today.

11. Cumberland Sheepdog

Wander through the historical lineage of Lancelot Edward Lowther, the 6th Earl of Lonsdale, whose loyal companion was the Cumberland Sheepdog. As time progressed, the Border Collie absorbed the essence of this noble breed, contributing to the intricate web of ancestry that defines the modern Australian Shepherd.

12. Alpine Mastiff

Travel back in time to Northern Europe before 500 BC, where the Alpine Mastiff, a colossal canine, left its paw prints in the sands of history. Recognized as the forebear of the St. Bernard breed, this ancient giant's presence continues to resonate in the majestic stature of its descendants.

13. Brazilian Tracker

Fast forward to 1967, when the Brazilian Tracker earned recognition from the Brazilian Kennel Club. Yet, a mere six years later, a cruel twist of fate in the form of disease outbreaks and an overdose of insecticides brought an abrupt end to this once-thriving hunting breed, leaving behind an untold story of potential cut short.

14. Blue Paul Terrier

Transport yourself to the misty landscapes of Scotland in the mid-19th century, where the Blue Paul Terrier, with its Bulldog and Terrier ancestry, once captured hearts. However, as the tides of popularity waned in the early 20th century, this once-iconic breed gracefully exited the stage, leaving behind a legacy tinged with nostalgia.

15. Bullen Beisser

Journey to Germany in the 1870s, where the Bullen Beisser, often referred to as the German Bulldog, once roamed. As German breeders orchestrated cross breeding efforts with Bulldogs from Britain, a new breed, the Boxer, emerged, marking the end of the Bullen beisser's chapter. Today, the Boxer stands as a testament to the evolutionary twists that shape the canine world.


The tales of these extinct dog breeds, though marking the end of specific lineages, weave a thread into the intricate fabric of canine evolution. As we explore their footsteps, we discover echoes of their presence, a reminder that every wagging tail encapsulates a unique story within the vast narrative of our shared history with man's best friend. While these breeds no longer roam the Earth, their stories endure through the succeeding generations, showcasing the dynamic history shaped by evolution, shifting human interests, and environmental factors.

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